One of the most prevalent ailments we face as physiotherapists is acute lower back pain. Even tiny events, such as reaching over to retrieve something small off the floor or sneezing, might cause it. The discomfort can range from moderate to severe, leaving you unable to move. The location of the pain might also be different, ranging from the Lower Back to the Leg. There are several structures in the Lumbar Spine (lower back) that might be damaged by an injury. The discs between the vertebrae, the Facet joints (joints that link vertebrae together), and/or the muscles in the lower back are the most common. In many circumstances, a mixture of the above will be present. Why not try this out Grande Prairie Physiotherapy & Massage

So, what exactly does my diagnosis imply?

When you first visit your Physiotherapist, you will be required to undertake a number of motions and tests that will aid the therapist in determining the source of your pain. When the disc is affected, the outer ring, the Annulus Fibrosis, is frequently injured, which can result in a “disc bulge.” In severe circumstances, the disc might rupture completely, resulting in a Disc Herniation, also known (though inaccurately) as a “slipped disc.” When the facet joints are damaged, the discomfort is often focused on one side of the lower back, with accompanying movement restrictions.

Lower back joints can be injured in the same way as other joints in the body, such as the ankle, can be. This means that they are susceptible to sprains and cartilage damage. As with any other joint injury, the swelling process is usually triggered by damage to the facet joints. This causes swelling, putting pressure on the surrounding structures in the lower back and increasing the intensity and area of the discomfort. There will be an element of neural or ‘nerve’ involvement in many disorders, with either tightness or a loss of sensation in your extremities. Although this indicates a more serious issue, it does not rule out the possibility of a speedy solution.

What am I supposed to do?

Stage 1: Pain Control Rest: Avoid doing anything that is even remotely strenuous with your back. Ice: Apply ice to the region of pain for 15-20 minutes every 2-4 hours in the first 48 hours. Keep your back moving within your range of motion without pain to avoid stiffness and muscle loss. Complete immobility, contrary to popular opinion, is not ideal. Taping may be an option for pain relief right away.